A new Abelisauroid from the Upper Cretaceous of Brazil

Elaine B. Machado, Diogenes de A. Campos, Jorge O. Calvo, Alexander W. A. Kellner

Abstract


Although important dinosaur specimens have been recently described from Brazil, the theropod record in this county is still rather scarce, particularly from Cretaceous strata. Here we describe a complete right tibia (MCT 1783-R) from the Marília Formation (Maastrichtian, Bauru Basin) near Peirópolis (Uberaba, Minas Gerais). This is the best theropod specimen recovered from this unit after five decades of collecting. MCT 1783-R shows a well developed cnemial crest with a lobular distal end, that projects significantly above the proximal articular surface, features that are characteristic of the Abelisauroidea. It further shows unique characters such as a marked asymmetry of lateral and medial condyles in posterior view, and a very deep triangular articular face for the astragalus, suggesting that it represents a new taxon.


Keywords


tibia; theropod; Abelisauroidea; Cretaceous; Bauru Basin; Brazil

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